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Journal of Biomedical Optics • Open Access

Detecting cell death with optical coherence tomography and envelope statistics
Author(s): Golnaz Farhat; Gregory J. Czarnota; Michael C. Kolios; Victor X. D. Yang

Paper Abstract

Currently no standard clinical or preclinical noninvasive method exists to monitor cell death based on morphological changes at the cellular level. In our past work we have demonstrated that quantitative high frequency ultrasound imaging can detect cell death in vitro and in vivo. In this study we apply quantitative methods previously used with high frequency ultrasound to optical coherence tomography (OCT) to detect cell death. The ultimate goal of this work is to use these methods for optically-based clinical and preclinical cancer treatment monitoring. Optical coherence tomography data were acquired from acute myeloid leukemia cells undergoing three modes of cell death. Significant increases in integrated backscatter were observed for cells undergoing apoptosis and mitotic arrest, while necrotic cells induced a decrease. These changes appear to be linked to structural changes observed in histology obtained from the cell samples. Signal envelope statistics were analyzed from fittings of the generalized gamma distribution to histograms of envelope intensities. The parameters from this distribution demonstrated sensitivities to morphological changes in the cell samples. These results indicate that OCT integrated backscatter and first order envelope statistics can be used to detect and potentially differentiate between modes of cell death in vitro.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 February 2011
PDF: 7 pages
J. Biomed. Opt. 16(2) 026017 doi: 10.1117/1.3544543
Published in: Journal of Biomedical Optics Volume 16, Issue 2
Show Author Affiliations
Golnaz Farhat, Univ. of Toronto (Canada)
Gregory J. Czarnota, Univ. of Toronto (Canada)
Michael C. Kolios, Univ. of Toronto (Canada)
Victor X. D. Yang, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Ctr. (Canada)

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