Journal of Electronic ImagingCalibrating light sources by using a planar mirror
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Light source calibration is an important issue in many computer vision fields such as photometric stereo and shape from shading. Spheres, with either diffuse or specular reflections, are frequently deployed as calibration objects to recover the direction and intensity of light source from images. We present a novel method for light source calibration by using a planar mirror with a chessboard pattern and a diffuse region. The light direction can be accurately estimated from one mirror orientation by recovering the normal direction of the mirror plane. The location and intensity of light source can be further estimated if two mirror orientations are used. Experimental results show that the calibration accuracy of the proposed method is much higher than traditional sphere-based techniques and can offer improved three-dimensional reconstruction in photometric stereo.