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Journal of Biomedical Optics • Open Access

Probe pressure effects on human skin diffuse reflectance and fluorescence spectroscopy measurements

Paper Abstract

Diffuse reflectance and fluorescence spectroscopy are popular research techniques for noninvasive disease diagnostics. Most systems include an optical fiber probe that transmits and collects optical spectra in contact with the suspected lesion. The purpose of this study is to investigate probe pressure effects on human skin spectroscopic measurements. We conduct an in-vivo experiment on human skin tissue to study the short-term (<2 s) and long-term (>30 s) effects of probe pressure on diffuse reflectance and fluorescence measurements. Short-term light probe pressure (P0 < 9 mN/mm2) effects are within 0 ± 10% on all physiological properties extracted from diffuse reflectance and fluorescence measurements, and less than 0 ± 5% for diagnostically significant physiological properties. Absorption decreases with site-specific variations due to blood being compressed out of the sampled volume. Reduced scattering coefficient variation is site specific. Intrinsic fluorescence shows a large standard error, although no specific pressure-related trend is observed. Differences in tissue structure and morphology contribute to site-specific probe pressure effects.Therefore, the effects of pressure can be minimized when the pressure is small and applied for a short amount of time; however, long-term and large pressures induce significant distortions in measured spectra.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 January 2011
PDF: 9 pages
J. Biomed. Opt. 16(1) 011012 doi: 10.1117/1.3525288
Published in: Journal of Biomedical Optics Volume 16, Issue 1
Show Author Affiliations
Liang Lim, The Univ. of Texas at Austin (United States)
Brandon S. Nichols, The Univ. of Texas at Austin (United States)
Narasimhan Rajaram, The Univ. of Texas at Austin (United States)
James W. Tunnell, The Univ. of Texas at Austin (United States)

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