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Journal of Biomedical Optics

Computer-aided interpretation approach for optical tomographic images
Author(s): Christian D. Klose; Alexander D. Klose; Uwe J. Netz; Alexander K. Scheel; Jurgen Beuthan; Andreas H. Hielscher
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Paper Abstract

A computer-aided interpretation approach is proposed to detect rheumatic arthritis (RA) in human finger joints using optical tomographic images. The image interpretation method employs a classification algorithm that makes use of a so-called self-organizing mapping scheme to classify fingers as either affected or unaffected by RA. Unlike in previous studies, this allows for combining multiple image features, such as minimum and maximum values of the absorption coefficient for identifying affected and not affected joints. Classification performances obtained by the proposed method were evaluated in terms of sensitivity, specificity, Youden index, and mutual information. Different methods (i.e., clinical diagnostics, ultrasound imaging, magnet resonance imaging, and inspection of optical tomographic images), were used to produce ground truth benchmarks to determine the performance of image interpretations. Using data from 100 finger joints, findings suggest that some parameter combinations lead to higher sensitivities, while others to higher specificities when compared to single parameter classifications employed in previous studies. Maximum performances are reached when combining the minimum/maximum ratio of the absorption coefficient and image variance. In this case, sensitivities and specificities over 0.9 can be achieved. These values are much higher than values obtained when only single parameter classifications were used, where sensitivities and specificities remained well below 0.8.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 November 2010
PDF: 13 pages
J. Biomed. Opt. 15(6) 066020 doi: 10.1117/1.3516705
Published in: Journal of Biomedical Optics Volume 15, Issue 6
Show Author Affiliations
Christian D. Klose, Columbia Univ. (United States)
Alexander D. Klose, Columbia Univ. (United States)
Uwe J. Netz, Charité Universitätsmedizin Berlin (Germany)
Alexander K. Scheel, Georg-August-Univ. Göttingen (Germany)
Jurgen Beuthan, Charité Universitätsmedizin Berlin (Germany)
Andreas H. Hielscher, Columbia Univ. (United States)

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