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Journal of Biomedical Optics • Open Access

Förster resonance energy transfer as a tool to study photoreceptor biology
Author(s): Stephanie C. Hovan; Scott Howell; Paul Park

Paper Abstract

Vision is initiated in photoreceptor cells of the retina by a set of biochemical events called phototransduction. These events occur via coordinated dynamic processes that include changes in secondary messenger concentrations, conformational changes and post-translational modifications of signaling proteins, and protein-protein interactions between signaling partners. A complete description of the orchestration of these dynamic processes is still unavailable. Described in this work is the first step in the development of tools combining fluorescent protein technology, Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET), and transgenic animals that have the potential to reveal important molecular insights about the dynamic processes occurring in photoreceptor cells. We characterize the fluorescent proteins SCFP3A and SYFP2 for use as a donor-acceptor pair in FRET assays, which will facilitate the visualization of dynamic processes in living cells. We also demonstrate the targeted expression of these fluorescent proteins to the rod photoreceptor cells of Xenopus laevis, and describe a general method for detecting FRET in these cells. The general approaches described here can address numerous types of questions related to phototransduction and photoreceptor biology by providing a platform to visualize dynamic processes in molecular detail within a native context.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 November 2010
PDF: 9 pages
J. Biomed. Opt. 15(6) 067001 doi: 10.1117/1.3505023
Published in: Journal of Biomedical Optics Volume 15, Issue 6
Show Author Affiliations
Stephanie C. Hovan, Case Western Reserve Univ. (United States)
Scott Howell, Case Western Reserve Univ. (United States)
Paul Park, Case Western Reserve Univ. (United States)

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