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Journal of Micro/Nanolithography, MEMS, and MOEMS

Numerical investigation of the effect of a transducer pulse on the microfluidic control of a piezoelectric printhead
Author(s): Jr-Ming Lai; Jenn-Der Lin; Kung Linliu
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Paper Abstract

Numerical calculations are performed to investigate the effect of the component of a single transducer pulse on the ejection of a drop for a drop-on-demand ink-jet printhead with a piezoelectric actuator. The flow field is governed by continuity and Navier-Stokes equations. A volume-of-fluid method with a piecewise-linear interface construction is used to track the complicated topological variation of the liquid-gas interface. The computer code is validated with experimental results present in the literature. The volume of the primary drop is closely related to the maximum displacement Df of chamber wall induced by the piezoelectric actuator in the forward stoke; the velocity of the primary drop depends on the ratio of Df to the time period of the forward stoke Δτf. Moreover, the fact that the formation of the primary drop depends weakly on the conditions of the backward stroke is considered. A decreased interval between forward and backward strokes might serve to suppress the formation of satellite drops owing to reducing the liquid thread length ∫b at pinching off to a value less than the upper limit ∫*b. The breaking up of the freely flying liquid thread from nozzle outlet has two modes-multiple breaking up and end pinching-and depends on the thread length at pinching off.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 July 2010
PDF: 20 pages
J. Micro/Nanolith. MEMS MOEMS 9(3) 033010 doi: 10.1117/1.3486201
Published in: Journal of Micro/Nanolithography, MEMS, and MOEMS Volume 9, Issue 3
Show Author Affiliations
Jr-Ming Lai, National Chiao Tung Univ. (Taiwan)
Jenn-Der Lin, National Chiao Tung Univ. (Taiwan)
Kung Linliu, National Synchrotron Radiation Research Ctr. (Taiwan)

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