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Journal of Biomedical Optics • Open Access

New methodology to assess activity status of occlusal caries in primary teeth using laser fluorescence device
Author(s): Mariana Minatel Braga; M. S. Benedetto; Jose C. P. Imparato; Fausto Medeiros Mendes

Paper Abstract

An in vivo study was conducted to verify the ability of laser fluorescence (LF) to assess the activity status of occlusal caries in primary teeth, using different air-drying times. Occlusal sites (707) were examined using LF (DIAGNOdent) after air-drying for 3 s and 15 s, and the difference between readings (DIF15 s-3 s) was calculated. For concurrent validation of LF, visual criteria-Nyvad (NY) and Lesion Activity Assessment associated with the International Caries Detection and Assessment System (LAA-ICDAS)-were the reference standards for lesion activity. Histological exam using a pH-indicator dye (0.1% methyl red) was performed in 46 exfoliated/extracted teeth for criterion validation. LF readings and DIF15 s-3 s were compared using Kruskall-Wallis and Mann-Whitney tests. Receiver operating characteristic analyses were performed and validity parameters calculated, considering the caries activity assessment. Using NY, active lesions (3 s: 30.0±29.3; 15 s: 34.2±30.6) presented higher LF readings than inactive lesions (3 s: 17.0±16.3; 15 s: 19.2±17.3; p<0.05), different from LAA-ICDAS. Active cavitated caries resulted in higher LF readings (3 s: 50.3±3.5; 15 s: 54.7±30.2) than inactive cavitated caries (3 s: 19.9±16.3; 15 s: 22.8±16.8). Therefore, LF can distinguish cavitated active and inactive lesions classified by NY, but not by LAA-ICDAS; however, this difference might be related to the visual system rather than to LF. The air-drying time could be an alternative to improve the caries activity assessment; however, longer air-drying time is suggested to be tested subsequently.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 July 2010
PDF: 7 pages
J. Biomed. Opt. 15(4) 047005 doi: 10.1117/1.3463007
Published in: Journal of Biomedical Optics Volume 15, Issue 4
Show Author Affiliations
Mariana Minatel Braga, Univ. de São Paulo (Brazil)
M. S. Benedetto, Univ. de São Paulo (Brazil)
Jose C. P. Imparato, Univ. de São Paulo (Brazil)
Fausto Medeiros Mendes, Univ. de São Paulo (Brazil)

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