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Journal of Nanophotonics • Open Access

Carbon nanotubes for next generation very large scale integration interconnects
Author(s): Ashok Srivastava; Yao Xu; Ashwani K. Sharma

Paper Abstract

We investigated the application of one-dimensional fluid model in modeling of electron transport in carbon nanotubes and equivalent circuits for interconnections and compared the performances with the currently used copper interconnects in very-large-scale integration (VLSI) circuits. In this model, electron transport in carbon nanotubes is regarded as quasi one-dimensional fluid with strong electron-electron interaction. Verilog-AMS in Cadence/Spectre was used in simulation studies. Carbon nanotubes of the types single-walled, multiwalled and bundles were considered for ballistic transport region, local and global interconnections. Study of the S-parameters showed higher transmission efficiency and lower reflection losses. Theoretical modeling and computer-aided simulation studies through a complimentary CNT-FET inverter pair, interconnected through a wire, exhibited reduced delays and power dissipations for carbon nanotube interconnects in comparison to copper interconnects in 22 nm and lower technology nodes. The performance of CNT interconnects was shown to be further improved with increase in number of metallic carbon nanotubes. Our study suggests the replacement of copper interconnect with the multiwalled and bundles of single-walled carbon nanotubes for the sub-nanometer CMOS technologies.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 May 2010
PDF: 27 pages
J. Nanophoton. 4(1) 041690 doi: 10.1117/1.3446896
Published in: Journal of Nanophotonics Volume 4, Issue 1
Show Author Affiliations
Ashok Srivastava, Louisiana State Univ. (United States)
Yao Xu, Louisiana State Univ. (United States)
Ashwani K. Sharma, Air Force Research Lab. (United States)

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