Optical EngineeringHigh-speed measurement of foot shape based on multiple-laser-plane triangulation
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Optical three-dimensional shape measurement of live objects is becoming an important developing and research tool because of its nonintrusive nature and high measuring speed. The current methods are reaching truly high speed in one view configuration, but in the case of the entire object shape measurement, they are limited due to mutual interference between multiple measuring modules. The proposed method overcomes this limitation by using a laser multiple-line triangulation technique, where each of several measuring modules uses a unique laser wavelength. The measuring modules are positioned so that the entire surface of the foot is digitized. This prevents unwanted overlapping between adjacent light patterns. The calibration procedure for each measuring module and for the entire system is based on measurements of the surface of a reference object. The system parameters are determined using an iterative optimization algorithm. The precision of the system is better than ±0.3 mm. The system is capable of measuring objects in motion. The results of the shape of a foot rising on its toes are given as an example.