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Optical Engineering

Optimal tuning and calibration of bendable mirrors with slope-measuring profilers
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Paper Abstract

We describe a technique to optimally tune and calibrate bendable X-ray optics for submicron focusing. The focusing is divided between two elliptically cylindrical reflecting elements, a Kirkpatrick-Baez pair. Each optic is shaped by applying unequal bending couples to each end of a flat mirror. The developed technique allows optimal tuning of these systems using surface slope data obtained with a slope-measuring instrument, the long trace profiler. Because of the near linearity of the problem, the minimal set of data necessary for the tuning of each bender consists of only three slope traces measured before and after a single adjustment of each bending couple. The data are analyzed with software realizing a method of regression analysis with experimentally found characteristic functions of the benders. The resulting approximation to the functional dependence of the desired shape provides nearly final settings. Moreover, the characteristic functions of the benders found in the course of tuning can be used for retuning to a new desired shape without removal from the beamline and remeasuring. We perform a ray trace using profiler data for the finally tuned optics, predicting the performance to be expected during use of the optics on the beamline.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 August 2009
PDF: 8 pages
Opt. Eng. 48(8) 083601 doi: 10.1117/1.3204235
Published in: Optical Engineering Volume 48, Issue 8
Show Author Affiliations
Wayne R. McKinney, Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (United States)
Jonathan L. Kirschman, Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (United States)
Alastair A. MacDowell, Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (United States)
Anthony Warwick, Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (United States)
Valeriy V. Yashchuk, Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (United States)

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