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Journal of Applied Remote Sensing • Open Access

Spatial models for selecting the most suitable areas of rice cultivation in the Inland Valley Wetlands of Ghana using remote sensing and geographic information systems
Author(s): Muralikrishna Gumma; Prasad S. Thenkabail; Hideto Fujii; Regassa Namara

Paper Abstract

The overarching goal of this research was to develop spatial models and demonstrate their use in selecting the most suitable areas for the inland valley (IV) wetland rice cultivation. The process involved comprehensive sets of methods and protocols involving: (1) Identification and development of necessary spatial data layers; (2) Providing weightages to these spatial data layers based on expert knowledge, (3) Development of spatial models, and (4) Running spatial models for determining most suitable areas for rice cultivation. The study was conducted in Ghana. The model results, based on weightages to 16-22 spatial data layers, showed only 3-4 % of the total IV wetland areas were "highly suitable" but 39-47 % of the total IV wetland areas were "suitable" for rice cultivation. The outputs were verified using field-plot data which showed accuracy between 84.4 to 87.5% with errors of omissions and commissions less than 23%. Given that only a small fraction (<15% overall) of the total IV wetland areas (about 20-28% of total geographic area in Ghana) are currently utilized for agriculture and constitute very rich land-units in terms of soil depth, soil fertility, and water availability, these agroecosystems offer an excellent opportunity for a green and a blue revolution in Africa.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 June 2009
PDF: 21 pages
J. Appl. Rem. Sens. 3(1) 033537 doi: 10.1117/1.3182847
Published in: Journal of Applied Remote Sensing Volume 3, Issue 1
Show Author Affiliations
Muralikrishna Gumma, International Water Management Institute (India)
Prasad S. Thenkabail, U.S. Geological Survey (United States)
Hideto Fujii, International Water Management Institute (Ghana)
Regassa Namara, International Water Management Institute (Ghana)

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