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Journal of Micro/Nanolithography, MEMS, and MOEMS

Design and numerical analysis of a joule-heating-induced continuous-flow polymerase chain reaction microchip
Author(s): Qiaole Zhao; Qing-An Huang; Yu-Cheng Lin
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Paper Abstract

We reports a detailed study on a novel design of a Joule-heating-induced polymerase chain reaction (PCR) microchip directly heated by applying electric current to the ends of the geometric varied microchannel, which is simulated together with the factors acting on the temperature distribution. Treating the continuous flowing fluid in the channel as the resistance, different channel shapes would lead to the different resistances, which generates various heat when the fixed current is applied to the ends of channel. Based on the Ohm's law and the Joule-Thomson effect, three required sequential temperature zones are obtained. The temperature cycling is achieved and the factors that contribute to the temperature distribution are simulated and analyzed, such as the environment temperature, the heat transfer coefficient, the current density, the fluid velocity, and the channel shape. The design of the Joule-heating-induced PCR microchip sheds light on the future novel application of continuous-flow PCR. By applying certain conditions, thermal cycles that meet PCR requirements can be achieved.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 April 2009
PDF: 7 pages
J. Micro/Nanolith. MEMS MOEMS 8(2) 021102 doi: 10.1117/1.3091940
Published in: Journal of Micro/Nanolithography, MEMS, and MOEMS Volume 8, Issue 2
Show Author Affiliations
Qiaole Zhao, Southeast Univ. (China)
Qing-An Huang, Southeast Univ. (China)
Yu-Cheng Lin, National Cheng Kung Univ. (Taiwan)

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