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Optical Engineering

Multiple-class spatiotemporal flow estimation using a modified neural gas algorithm
Author(s): Manish Prakash Shiralkar; Robert J. Schalkoff
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Paper Abstract

The problem of estimating optical flow fields corresponding to multiple moving objects in a spatiotemporal image sequence is addressed. A modified version of the neural gas (NG) unsupervised learning algorithm is used to implement a nonlinear interpolation strategy to overcome the aperture problem encountered during local motion estimation. Local motion constraints are formulated, and the best information over four point pairs is used to produce a single motion estimate. Wherever the aperture problem is encountered the minimum-norm estimate is produced. These local estimates are then refined using the modified NG. NG provides a framework for the fusion of local incomplete motion information into complete global estimates. Due to the self-organizing nature of NG the number of motion classes need not be specified a priori. The technique leads to generation of an optical flow field without the smearing of flow fields encountered in regularization-based techniques. Motion estimation results obtained on synthetic natural image sequences are shown.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 January 2009
PDF: 11 pages
Opt. Eng. 48(1) 017003 doi: 10.1117/1.3070666
Published in: Optical Engineering Volume 48, Issue 1
Show Author Affiliations
Manish Prakash Shiralkar, Clemson Univ. (United States)
Robert J. Schalkoff, Clemson Univ. (United States)


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