Optical EngineeringExperimental results from copropagating analog channels of same wavelength over 600-meter-long standard step index multimode fiber
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Spatial domain multiplexing is a new dimension in fiber optic multiplexing with the potential to greatly increase the data-carrying capacity of optical fiber communication systems. Spatially multiplexed channels follow helical paths inside the fiber and do not interfere with each other as optical energy from individual channels is distributed in the radial direction at different distances from the origin of the fiber. The resultant output appears as concentric circles when projected on a screen. The experimental setup and results for two spatially modulated analog channels of the same wavelength over approximately 600 m of standard 62.5/125-μm multimode fiber, using 635-nm pigtail laser sources and 30-MHz sinusoidal modulation, are reported here.