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Journal of Biomedical Optics

Absolute transmitted light plethysmography for assessment of dental pulp vitality through quantification of pulp chamber hematocrit by a three-layer model
Author(s): Satoko Kakino; Yuzo Takagi; Setsuo Takatani
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Paper Abstract

After confirming that the gingival circulation had little effect on transmitted light plethysmography measurement in the upper central incisor in both in vivo experiments and numerical Monte Carlo simulation studies, a three-layer model comprising of a pulp chamber sandwiched between two dentin layers has been introduced to quantify the pulp chamber hematocrit (Hctp) from the measured optical density. Two-flux theory was utilized to derive a mathematical equation for transmitted intensity in terms of tooth dimensions, Hctp, and light-source wavelength. Each layer was assumed homogeneous so as to represent its optical properties by the bulk absorption and scattering constants. The mean error between the Hctp estimate based on the three-layer-model equation and the Hctp actual in the extracted model tooth was -0.00115 with standard deviation (SD) of 0.00733 at 522 nm wavelength, while for 810 nm +0.09157 and 0.02493. The Hctp estimate of the upper central incisor in 10 young volunteers at 522 nm using the three-layer model ranged from 0.002 to 0.061 with the mean of 0.032. The Hctp change reflects blood volume shift in the pulp microcirculation to possibly indicate dental pulp vitality.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 September 2008
PDF: 18 pages
J. Biomed. Opt. 13(5) 054023 doi: 10.1117/1.2976112
Published in: Journal of Biomedical Optics Volume 13, Issue 5
Show Author Affiliations
Satoko Kakino, Tokyo Medical and Dental Univ. (Japan)
Yuzo Takagi, Tokyo Medical and Dental Univ. (Japan)
Setsuo Takatani, Tokyo Medical and Dental Univ. (Japan)

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