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Journal of Biomedical Optics

Transmembrane domain IV of the Gallus gallus VT2 vasotocin receptor is essential for forming a heterodimer with the corticotrophin releasing hormone receptor
Author(s): Marina V. Mikhailova; Jonathan Blansett; Sandi Jacobi; Philip R. Mayeux; Lawrence E. Cornett
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Paper Abstract

Corticotropin releasing hormone receptor (CRHR) and the VT2 arginine vasotocin receptor (VT2R) are vital links in the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis that enable a biological response to stressful stimuli in avian species. CRHR and VT2R are both G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs), and have been shown by us to form a heterodimer via fluorescent resonance energy transfer (FRET) analysis in the presence of their respective ligands, corticotrophin releasing hormone (CRH) and arginine vasotocin (AVT). The dimerization interface of the heterodimer is unknown, but computational analyses predict transmembrane domains (TMs) as likely sites of the interaction. We constructed chimerical VT2Rs, tagged at the C-terminal ends with either cyan fluorescent protein (CFP) or yellow fluorescent protein (YFP), by replacing the fourth transmembrane region (TM4) of VT2R with TM4 of the β2-adrenergic receptor (β2AR). The VT2R/β2AR chimeras were expressed in HeLa cells and proper trafficking is confirmed by observing cell membrane localization using confocal microscopy. VT2R/β2AR-YFP chimera functionality was confirmed with a Fura-2 acetoxymethyl ester (Fura-2AM) assay. FRET analysis was then performed on VT2/β2AR-chimera/CRHR pairs, and the calculated distance was observed to be >10 nm apart, indicating that heterodimerization was partly disrupted by mutating TM4 of the VT2R. Therefore, TM4 may form one region of the possible dimerization interfaces between the VT2R and CRHR.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 May 2008
PDF: 8 pages
J. Biomed. Opt. 13(3) 031208 doi: 10.1117/1.2943285
Published in: Journal of Biomedical Optics Volume 13, Issue 3
Show Author Affiliations
Marina V. Mikhailova, Univ. of Arkansas for Medical Sciences (United States)
Jonathan Blansett, Univ. of Arkansas for Medical Sciences (United States)
Sandi Jacobi, Univ. of Arkansas for Medical Sciences (United States)
Philip R. Mayeux, Univ. of Arkansas for Medical Sciences (United States)
Lawrence E. Cornett, Univ. of Arkansas for Medical Sciences (United States)

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