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Optical Engineering

Ad hoc cell-split algorithm of vector quantization with emphasis on regions-of-interest blocks
Author(s): Tian-Shing Wang; Tung-Shou Chen; Jeanne Chen
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Paper Abstract

In the traditional vector quantization (VQ) encoding procedure, the quality of all parts of the image is evenly distributed. The code words selected for encoding depend on the complexity of the image and quality requirements. However, VQ cannot be used to enhance the quality of only the regions of interest (ROI). Therefore, an improved weighted cell-split algorithm based on weighted ROI blocks is proposed to train a code book to generate improved code words with emphasis on the ROI blocks. Furthermore, code words can be manipulated to allow the user to define the percentage of ROI emphasis. Experimental results show that the image quality of ROIs is significantly improved by more than 1 dB peak signal-to-noise ratio. Moreover, the improved cell-split algorithm can be easily integrated into the traditional VQ coding procedure since only the contents of the code book are modified. The algorithm can be applied to medical images where the integrity of the ROI blocks is important.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 March 2008
PDF: 7 pages
Opt. Eng. 47(3) 037006 doi: 10.1117/1.2899145
Published in: Optical Engineering Volume 47, Issue 3
Show Author Affiliations
Tian-Shing Wang, National Taichung Institute of Technology (Taiwan)
Tung-Shou Chen, National Taichung Institute of Technology (Taiwan)
Jeanne Chen, National Taichung Institute of Technology (Taiwan)

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