Optical EngineeringAssessment of gain saturation in cascaded semiconductor optical amplifier for high-bit-rate wavelength-division-multiplexing signals over long transmission distance
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In this paper, the investigation of 10 channels at 80-Gb/s wavelength-division-multiplexing (WDM) transmission over 910-km single-mode fiber and dispersion compensating fiber using cascaded in-line semiconductor optical amplifiers at a span of 70 km for soliton return zero differential phase-shift keying (RZ-DPSK) modulation format is achieved. With the narrow channel spacing (i.e., 200 GHz), the results of quality is more than 15 dB the received signals after covering 910-km transmission distance without any power drop. The semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA) structure parameters for in-line amplifier is optimized to obtain low cross talk in multichannel WDM systems at nil power penalty with sufficient gain. For the differential gain 200 atto cm2 and length 750 mm of SOA has minimum SOA-induced cross talk is observed. The impact of optical power received and the Q factor at different differential gain, carrier lifetime, and length has been illustrated. It is found that for a transmission distance of 700 km, with decrease the channel spacing, there is an increase in cross talk among channels, hence the signal quality continues to decrease. A clear eye diagram and a good optical spectrum are observed at a transmission distance of 910 km in a soliton RZ-DPSK system.