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Journal of Nanophotonics

Fluorescence millisecond oscillation in polar solvents regulates fluorescence intensity of colloidal quantum dots' solution
Author(s): Akiyoshi Hoshino; Kazumi Omata; Seiichi Takami; Naofumi Terada; Takashi Funatsu; Masato Yasuhara; Kenji Yamamoto
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Paper Abstract

Quantum Dots (QDs) have been used in life science study because of their higher emission and photostability. Although physicochemical and biological properties of QDs were varied dramatically by the surface modification of QDs, little is known about the reason why the photoluminescence intensity (PLI) of QDs was changed by surface modification. We report on the millisecond-span change of PLI of QD's collective fluorescence oscillation. QDs covered with carboxylic acid and hydroxyl groups show enhanced PLI by adding NaN3, whereas QDs with amine showed less. Removal of NaN3 from QD solution abrogated the enhanced PLI. In addition, observation on evanescent field revealed that addition of antioxidants induced enhanced oscillation of QDs. Furthermore, the blinking count at one millisecond was also increased by addition of antioxidants. However the oscillation enhancement is observed in both aqueous solution and polar organic solvents but not in nonpolar organic solvents, indicating that PLI of QD was varied by the interaction between QDs and their environmental solvents. These millisecond oscillation mechanism was independent of "on" and "off" events which were conventionally known as "blinking". Taken together, the fluorescent emission of colloidal QDs is affected by both surface-covered colloidal molecules and external solvents around at millisecond span interaction.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 July 2007
PDF: 9 pages
J. Nanophoton. 1(1) 013516 doi: 10.1117/1.2767608
Published in: Journal of Nanophotonics Volume 1, Issue 1
Show Author Affiliations
Akiyoshi Hoshino, International Medical Ctr. of Japan (Japan)
Kazumi Omata, Research Institute of the International Medical Ctr. of Japan (Japan)
Seiichi Takami, Tohoku Univ. (Japan)
Naofumi Terada, The Univ. of Tokyo (Japan)
Takashi Funatsu, The Univ. of Tokyo (Japan)
Masato Yasuhara, Tokyo Medical and Dental Univ. (Japan)
Kenji Yamamoto, International Medical Ctr. of Japan (Japan)

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