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Optical Engineering

Low-cost method for the estimation of the shape of quadric mirrors and calibration of catadioptric cameras
Author(s): Nuno Goncalves; Helder Araujo
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Paper Abstract

This paper tackles the problem of quadric mirror estimation for omnidirectional imaging systems, as well as the poses of the camera relative to the mirror and to the world reference system. These estimates are obtained for quadric-shaped mirrors (including elliptic, parabolic, hyperbolic, and spherical mirrors) where the positions of the camera and mirror are unconstrained (fully noncentral configurations). The apparent contour of the mirror can be used to reduce the uncertainty in the estimation. Although it can enhance both the accuracy of the estimation (allowing the method to converge from farther initial configurations) and also its performance, its use is not strictly required. The intrinsic parameters of the camera model (pinhole or orthographic) are assumed to be known, as well as the structure of a calibration object in local coordinates. The method is nonlinear, and we use a genetic algorithm in conjunction with the Nelder-Mead simplex algorithm to minimize the objective function. Experimental results using real data are presented, demonstrating the accuracy of this calibration method, comparing its accuracy with and without the apparent contour, and computing its reprojection error. Because the mirror quadric is estimated, this method can also be used to identify and classify the mirror.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 July 2007
PDF: 12 pages
Opt. Eng. 46(7) 073001 doi: 10.1117/1.2752493
Published in: Optical Engineering Volume 46, Issue 7
Show Author Affiliations
Nuno Goncalves, Univ. de Coimbra Polo II (Portugal)
Helder Araujo, Univ. de Coimbra Polo II (Portugal)

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