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Optical Engineering

Classification of undulated wavefront aberration in projection optics by considering its physical effects
Author(s): Masato Shibuya; Nobuaki Watanabe; Masayuki Yamamoto; Toshihumi Fukui; Hiromi Ezaki; Tomohiro Kiire; Suezou Nakadate
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Paper Abstract

Although wavefront aberration in stepper projection optics has been classified with respect to its spatial frequency on the pupil, the physical meaning of this classification has not been clarified. In this paper, we show that wavefront aberration can be classified into figure aberration, random aberration, and nonconserved aberration, by taking into consideration the theoretical effect of undulated wavefront aberration with respect to its spatial frequency. We also show that the predictions of this theoretical classification coincide with both the results of numerical simulations for random aberration and the experimentally measured values of local flare size. Since our classification has a clear physical meaning, it will be valuable and applicable in developing not only stepper projection optics but also other more general optics.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 May 2007
PDF: 6 pages
Opt. Eng. 46(5) 053001 doi: 10.1117/1.2734995
Published in: Optical Engineering Volume 46, Issue 5
Show Author Affiliations
Masato Shibuya, Tokyo Polytechnic Univ. (Japan)
Nobuaki Watanabe, Tokyo Polytechnic Univ. (Japan)
Masayuki Yamamoto, Tokyo Polytechnic Univ. (Japan)
Toshihumi Fukui, Tokyo Polytechnic Univ. (Japan)
Hiromi Ezaki, Tokyo Polytechnic Univ. (Japan)
Tomohiro Kiire, Tokyo Polytechnic Univ. (Japan)
Suezou Nakadate, Tokyo Polytechnic Univ. (Japan)

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