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Journal of Biomedical Optics

Dual-axes confocal reflectance microscope for distinguishing colonic neoplasia
Author(s): Jonathan T. C. Liu; Michael J. Mandella; Shai Friedland; Roy M. Soetikno; James M. Crawford; Christopher H. Contag; Gordon S. Kino; Thomas D. Wang
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Paper Abstract

A dual-axes confocal reflectance microscope has been developed that utilizes a narrowband laser at 1310 nm to achieve high axial resolution, image contrast, field of view, and tissue penetration for distinguishing among normal, hyperplastic, and dysplastic colonic mucosa ex vivo. Light is collected off-axis using a low numerical aperture objective to obtain vertical image sections, with 4- to 5-µm resolution, at tissue depths up to 610 µm. Post-objective scanning enables a large field of view (610×640 µm), and balanced-heterodyne detection provides sensitivity to collect vertical sections at one frame per second. System optics are optimized to effectively reject out-of-focus scattered light without use of a low-coherence gate. This design is scalable to millimeter dimensions, and the results demonstrate the potential for a miniature instrument to detect precancerous tissues, and hence to perform in vivo histopathology.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 September 2006
PDF: 10 pages
J. Biomed. Opt. 11(5) 054019 doi: 10.1117/1.2363363
Published in: Journal of Biomedical Optics Volume 11, Issue 5
Show Author Affiliations
Jonathan T. C. Liu, Stanford Univ. (United States)
Michael J. Mandella, Stanford Univ. (United States)
Shai Friedland, Stanford Univ. (United States)
Roy M. Soetikno, Stanford Univ. (United States)
James M. Crawford, Univ. of Florida (United States)
Christopher H. Contag, Stanford Univ. (United States)
Gordon S. Kino, Stanford Univ. (United States)
Thomas D. Wang, Stanford Univ. (United States)

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