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Journal of Biomedical Optics

Pulse glucometry: a new approach for noninvasive blood glucose measurement using instantaneous differential near-infrared spectrophotometry
Author(s): Ken-ichi Yamakoshi; Y. Yamakoshi
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Paper Abstract

We describe a new optical method for noninvasive blood glucose (BGL) measurement. Optical methods are confounded by basal optical properties of tissues, especially water and other biochemical species, and by the very small glucose signal. We address these problems by using fast spectrophotometric analysis in a finger, deriving 100 transmittance spectra per second, to resolve optical spectra (900 to 1700 nm) of blood volume pulsations throughout the cardiac cycle. Difference spectra are calculated from the pulsatile signals, thereby eliminating the effects of bone, other tissues, and nonpulsatile blood. A partial least squares (PLS) model is used with the measured spectral data to predict BGL levels. Using glucose tolerance tests in 27 healthy volunteers, periodic optical measurements were made simultaneously with collection of blood samples for in vitro glucose analysis. Altogether, 603 paired data sets were obtained in all subjects and two-thirds of the data or of the subjects randomly selected were used for the PLS calibration model and the rest for the prediction. Bland-Altman and error-grid analyses of the predicted and measured BGL levels indicated clinically acceptable accuracy. We conclude that the new method, named pulse glucometry, has adequate performance for safe, noninvasive estimation of BGL.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 September 2006
PDF: 9 pages
J. Biomed. Opt. 11(5) 054028 doi: 10.1117/1.2360919
Published in: Journal of Biomedical Optics Volume 11, Issue 5
Show Author Affiliations
Ken-ichi Yamakoshi, Kanazawa Univ. (Japan)
Y. Yamakoshi, TYT Institute of Technology Corp. (Japan)

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