Share Email Print
cover

Journal of Micro/Nanolithography, MEMS, and MOEMS

Patterning of platinum microelectrodes in polymeric microfluidic chips
Author(s): Nazmul Huda Al Mamun; Prashanta Dutta
Format Member Price Non-Member Price
PDF $20.00 $25.00
cover GOOD NEWS! Your organization subscribes to the SPIE Digital Library. You may be able to download this paper for free. Check Access

Paper Abstract

Miniaturized electrodes are one of the most important components of "lab-on-a-chip" devices for separation, pumping, sensing, and other bioanalyses. In microfluidic-based chemical and bioanalytical operations, platinum electrodes are preferred to minimize the interaction with chemicals or biomolecules due to their chemical inertness. Although microfabrication techniques for patterning integrated platinum microelectrodes on silicon, quartz, or glass substrates are available, no techniques have been reported so far for depositing platinum electrodes in soft polymeric microchannels. A novel fabrication scheme is described for forming integrated microelectrodes in a poly-di-methyl-siloxane (PDMS) microchip. The electrode fabrication technique consists of photolithography, thermal processing, sequential sputtering of titanium and platinum, and stripping off photoresist, while soft lithography is used to form the microfluidic channels on PDMS. This approach facilitates precise positioning of the electrodes with a micron-size gap between them, and it can be used for both low and high aspect ratio channels. Platinum electrodes, formed on the PDMS channel surface, demonstrate very good interfacial adhesion with the substrate due to the use of a very thin titanium layer between the platinum and PDMS. The sputtered electrodes have a surface roughness of 50 nm and are able to sense picoA level current through benzene.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 July 2006
PDF: 6 pages
J. Micro/Nanolith. 5(3) 039701 doi: 10.1117/1.2242633
Published in: Journal of Micro/Nanolithography, MEMS, and MOEMS Volume 5, Issue 3
Show Author Affiliations
Nazmul Huda Al Mamun, Washington State Univ. (United States)
Prashanta Dutta, Washington State Univ. (United States)


© SPIE. Terms of Use
Back to Top