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Journal of Biomedical Optics • Open Access

Total internal reflectance fluorescence reader for selective investigations of cell membranes

Paper Abstract

A novel setup for fluorescence measurements of surfaces of biological samples, in particular the plasma membrane of living cells, is described. The method is based on splitting of a laser beam and multiple total internal reflections (TIR) within the bottom of a microtiter plate (cell substrate), such that up to 96 individual samples are illuminated simultaneously by an evanescent electromagnetic field. Main prerequisites are an appropriate thickness and a high transmission of the glass bottom, which is attached to the 96-well cell culture plate by a noncytotoxic adhesive. Glass rods of rectangular cross sections are optically coupled to this bottom for TIR illumination. Fluorescence arising from the plasma membrane of living cells is detected simultaneously from all samples using an integrating charge-coupled device (CCD) camera. The TIR fluorescence reader is validated using cultivated cells incubated with different fluorescent markers, as well as stably transfected cells expressing a fluorescent membrane-associating protein. In addition, particularly with regard to potential pharmaceutical applications, the kinetics of the intracellular translocation of a fluorescent protein kinase c fusion protein upon stimulation of the cells is determined.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 May 2006
PDF: 7 pages
J. Biomed. Opt. 11(3) 034011 doi: 10.1117/1.2208617
Published in: Journal of Biomedical Optics Volume 11, Issue 3
Show Author Affiliations
Thomas Bruns, Fachhochschule Aalen (Germany)
Wolfgang S. L. Strauss, Univ. Ulm (Germany)
Reinhard Sailer, Univ. Ulm (Germany)
Michael Wagner, Fachhochschule Aalen (Germany)
Herbert Schneckenburger, Fachhochschule Aalen (Germany)

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