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Journal of Biomedical Optics

Influence of the water content in dental enamel and dentin on ablation with erbium YAG and erbium YSGG lasers
Author(s): Jörg Meister; René Franzen; Katharina Forner; Henning Grebe; Sven Stanzel; Friedrich Lampert; Christian Apel
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Paper Abstract

The theory of the ablation of dental hard tissue with erbium lasers is based on a process of thermomechanical interaction, which is explained by the absorption of the radiation in the water component of the tissue. The abrupt evaporation of the water is the cause of tissue fragments being blasted out of the tooth structure. The aim of this study is to examine the effect of the water contained in dental hard tissues on the efficiency of ablation. 192 specimens of both bovine dental enamel and bovine dentin are irradiated with an Er:YAG and an Er,Cr:YSGG laser. Half of the specimens are dehydrated beforehand. Irradiation is carried out in subgroups: without water spray and with water spray at flow rates of 0.8 and 3 ml/s. The ablated volume is determined following histological preparation. Only in dentin, and then only with irradiation with the Er:YAG laser, is the water contained in the tissue found to have a significant influence (p<0.0001) on the ablated volume. The water content has no effect on the efficiency of laser ablation in any of the other test groups. In contrast, the externally supplied water always has a significant influence on the effectiveness of the ablation process.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 May 2006
PDF: 7 pages
J. Biomed. Opt. 11(3) 034030 doi: 10.1117/1.2204028
Published in: Journal of Biomedical Optics Volume 11, Issue 3
Show Author Affiliations
Jörg Meister, RWTH Aachen (Germany)
René Franzen, RWTH Aachen (Germany)
Katharina Forner, RWTH Aachen (Germany)
Henning Grebe, RWTH Aachen (Germany)
Sven Stanzel, RWTH Aachen (Germany)
Friedrich Lampert, RWTH Aachen (Germany)
Christian Apel, RWTH Aachen (Germany)

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