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Journal of Biomedical Optics

Bioenzymatic detection of troponin C using micro-opto-electro-mechanical systems
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Paper Abstract

Diagnosis and monitoring of critical diseases such as acute myocardial infarction (AMI) require a quantitative analysis of biological molecules. A high-throughput identification of these biological molecules can be generated by using micro-electro-mechanical systems (MEMS) structures like simple cantilever beams, which respond to the intermolecular forces resulting from binding these molecules. Biochemical markers like troponin C are considered the primary markers for myocardial injury and have generated considerable interest. A 26-residue lytic membrane protein of bee venom melittin (ME) is chosen to interact with rabbit skeletal muscle troponin C (TnC) on the surface of the cantilever beams. An optical beam deflection method is employed to identify the enzymatic reaction on the surface of the cantilever due to these proteins. Identification of these proteins is also done using fluorescence spectroscopy (FS) to compliment the optical monitored deflection method. A second set of proteins like horse raddish peroxide (HRP) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) are applied to atomic force microscopy (AFM) cantilever beams to study their behavior under the enzymatic reactions of proteins. Identification of these proteins is done using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). An analytical model of the cantilever beam is developed, and its mode shapes are studied by employing orthogonal polynomials in the classic Rayleigh-Ritz method. The surface stress caused by the enzymatic reaction of the proteins that leads to pure bending on the top surface of the cantilever is evaluated. The information provided by the experimental and analytical modeling reported in this work will be useful in the development of a portable biosensor for the detection of AMI.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 March 2006
PDF: 7 pages
J. Biomed. Opt. 11(2) 021010 doi: 10.1117/1.2186326
Published in: Journal of Biomedical Optics Volume 11, Issue 2
Show Author Affiliations
Amritsar Jeetender, Concordia Univ. (Canada)
Ion G. Stiharu, Concordia Univ. (Canada)
Packirisamy Muthukumaran, Concordia Univ. (Canada)


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