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Optical Engineering

Advanced technology solar telescope multiple Fabry-Pérot interferometer telecentric optical design
Author(s): Brian M. Robinson; K. S. Balasubramaniam; Gilmer Allen Gary
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Paper Abstract

We present four preliminary designs for a telecentric optical train supporting the Advanced Technology Solar Telescope (ATST) multiple Fabry-Pérot interferometer (MFPI), which is to be used as an imaging spectrometer and imaging spectropolarimeter. The point of departure for all three designs is the F/40 telecentric image at the Coudé focus of the ATST. The first design, representing the high-spectral-resolution mode of operation, produces an intermediate F/300 telecentric image within the triple étalon system and a 34-arcsec field of view (FOV). The second design, intermediate between high- and low-spectral-resolution modes of operation, produces an intermediate F/150 telecentric image at the étalons and a 1.1-arcmin FOV. The third and fourth designs each represent a low-resolution mode of operation, producing an F/82 telecentric image at the étalons and a 2-arcmin FOV. Each design results in good telecentricity and image quality. Departures from telecentricity at the intermediate image plane cause field-dependent shifts of the bandpass peak, which are negligible compared to the bandpass FWHM. The root mean square (rms) geometric spot sizes at the final image plane fit well within the area of a camera pixel, which is itself in accordance with the Nyquist criterion, half the width of the 28-µm-wide resolution element (as determined from the diffraction limit of the ATST). For each configuration, we also examine the impact that the Beckers effect (the pupil apodization caused by the angle-dependent amplitude transmittance of the MFPI) has on the image quality of the MFPI instrument.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 February 2006
PDF: 11 pages
Opt. Eng. 45(2) 023001 doi: 10.1117/1.2170594
Published in: Optical Engineering Volume 45, Issue 2
Show Author Affiliations
Brian M. Robinson, The Univ. of Alabama in Huntsville (United States)
K. S. Balasubramaniam, National Solar Observatory (United States)
Gilmer Allen Gary, NASA Marshall Space Flight Ctr. (United States)


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