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Optical Engineering

Ultracompact and large-scale power splitters on silicon-based two-dimensional photonic crystals at near-infrared wavelengths
Author(s): Yuzhou Zhao; Yao Zhang; Baojun Li; Bharat S. Chaudhari; Soo Jin Chua
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Paper Abstract

An optical power splitter with one input and three output ports is proposed and demonstrated for near-infrared applications in the wavelength range of 2.3 to 2.5 µm. The device operates on the principle of directional coupling by introducing photonic crystal line-defect waveguides. Its functionality and performance have been numerically investigated and simulated by the finite-difference time-domain method. By cascading two 1×3-structure power splitters, a large-scale optical power splitter with one input and five output ports is achieved. The simulated results show that the 1×5 large-scale power splitter can also perform 1×2, 1×3, and 1×4 functions. The required optical power from each of the output waveguides can be easily controlled by adjusting the coupling length of interaction for photonic crystal line-defect waveguides. The total length of the 1×5 power splitter is 40 µm, which is significantly less than that of the conventional non-photonic-crystal power splitter. This is a promising device for future ultracompact and large-scale nanophotonic integrated circuits.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 February 2006
PDF: 5 pages
Opt. Eng. 45(2) 024601 doi: 10.1117/1.2166850
Published in: Optical Engineering Volume 45, Issue 2
Show Author Affiliations
Yuzhou Zhao, Sun Yat-Sen Univ. (China)
Yao Zhang, Sun Yat-Sen Univ. (China)
Baojun Li, Sun Yat-Sen Univ. (China)
Bharat S. Chaudhari, International Institute of Information Technology (India)
Soo Jin Chua, Institute of Materials Research and Engineering (Singapore)

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