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Journal of Biomedical Optics

Morphological effects of nanosecond- and femtosecond-pulsed laser ablation on human middle ear ossicles
Author(s): Justus F. R. Ilgner; Martin M. Wehner; Johann Lorenzen; Manfred Bovi; Martin Westhofen
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Paper Abstract

We evaluate the feasibility of nanosecond-pulsed and femtosecond-pulsed lasers for otologic surgery. The outcome parameters are cutting precision (in micrometers), ablation rate (in micrometers per second), scanning speed (in millimeters per second), and morphological effects on human middle ear ossicles. We examine single-spot ablations by a nanosecond-pulsed, frequency-tripled Nd:YAG laser (355 nm, beam diameter 10µm, pulse rate 2 kHz, power 250 mW) on isolated human mallei. A similar system (355 nm, beam diameter 20µm, pulse rate 10 kHz, power 160–1500 mW) and a femtosecond-pulsed CrLi:SAF-Laser (850 nm, pulse duration 100 fs, pulse energy 40 µJ, beam diameter 36 µm, pulse rate 1 kHz) are coupled to a scanner to perform bone surface ablation over a defined area. In our setups 1 and 2, marginal carbonization is visible in all single-spot ablations of 1-s exposures and longer: With an exposure time of 0.5 s, precise cutting margins without carbonization are observed. Cooling with saline solution result is in no carbonization at 1500 mW and a scan speed of 500 mm/s. Our third setup shows no carbonization but greater cutting precision, although the ablation volume is lower. Nanosecond- and femtosecond-pulsed laser systems bear the potential to increase cutting precision in otologic surgery.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 January 2006
PDF: 7 pages
J. Biomed. Opt. 11(1) 014004 doi: 10.1117/1.2166432
Published in: Journal of Biomedical Optics Volume 11, Issue 1
Show Author Affiliations
Justus F. R. Ilgner, Univ. Hospital Aachen (Germany)
Martin M. Wehner, Fraunhofer-Institut für Lasertechnik (Germany)
Johann Lorenzen, Univ. Hospital Aachen (Germany)
Manfred Bovi, Univ. Hospital Aachen (Germany)
Martin Westhofen, Univ. Hospital Aachen (Germany)

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