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Journal of Biomedical Optics

Interaction of a mitochondrial membrane potential-sensitive dye, rhodamine 800, with rat mitochondria, cells, and perfused hearts
Author(s): Olga Jilkina; Hee-Jeong Kong; Lucy Hwi; Bozena Kuzio; Bo Xiang; Darren Manley; Michael Jackson; Valery V. Kupriyanov
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Paper Abstract

Fluorescence, absorbance, and binding of a mitochondrial membrane potential-sensitive probe, rhodamine 800 (rhod800), were measured in isolated rat mitochondria, hepatocytes, cardiomyocytes, and hearts in the presence or absence of mitochondrial uncouplers. Excitation of rhod800 was achieved with laser diodes (690 or 670 nm) and resulted in a fluorescence peak at 720 nm. Greater than 99% of rhod800 (1 µM) was taken up from the buffer by energized mitochondria. This resulted in a fluorescence decrease by 77% (13% in de-energized mitochondria). Sixty-seven percent of rhod800 was taken up by cardiomyocytes and 75% by hepatocytes resulting in the fluorescence decrease by 16% and 37%, respectively, which were reversed by approximately 10% upon cell uncoupling. In hearts, binding, absorbance, and fluorescence were almost uncoupler-insensitive possibly due to rhod800 interaction outside of mitochondria. Fluorescence of the hearts perfused with 27.5 and 55 nM rhod800 was measured in orthogonal and reflection modes. The former provided deep tissue penetration (approximately a centimeter); however, nonlinearity between absorbance and fluorescence was evident. In the latter setting, depth of tissue penetration was approximately a millimeter, which eliminated an inner filter effect and restored linearity. We concluded that excessive hydrophobicity of rhod800 complicates detection of energy-dependent fluorescence changes in myocardium.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 January 2006
PDF: 9 pages
J. Biomed. Opt. 11(1) 014009 doi: 10.1117/1.2159449
Published in: Journal of Biomedical Optics Volume 11, Issue 1
Show Author Affiliations
Olga Jilkina, National Research Council Canada (Canada)
Hee-Jeong Kong, Univ. of Manitoba (Canada)
Lucy Hwi, The Univ. of British Columbia (Canada)
Bozena Kuzio, National Research Council Canada (Canada)
Bo Xiang, National Research Council Canada (Canada)
Darren Manley, National Research Council Canada (Canada)
Michael Jackson, National Research Council Canada (Canada)
Valery V. Kupriyanov, National Research Council Canada (Canada)

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