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Optical Engineering • Open Access

Active laser frequency stabilization and resolution enhancement of interferometers for the measurement of gravitational waves in space
Author(s): Markus Herz

Paper Abstract

Laser frequency stabilization is notably one of the major challenges on the way to a space-borne gravitational wave observatory. The proposed Laser Interferometer Space Antenna (LISA) is presently under development in an ESA, NASA collaboration. We present a novel method for active laser stabilization and phase noise suppression in such a gravitational wave detector. The proposed approach is a further evolution of the "arm-locking" method, which in essence consists of using an interferometer arm as an optical cavity, exploiting the extreme long-run stability of the cavity size in the frequency band of interest. We extend this method by using the natural interferometer arm length differences and existing interferometer signals as additional information sources for the reconstruction and active suppression of the quasi-periodic laser frequency noise, enhancing the resolution power of space-borne gravitational wave detectors.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 September 2005
PDF: 3 pages
Opt. Eng. 44(9) 090505 doi: 10.1117/1.2042457
Published in: Optical Engineering Volume 44, Issue 9
Show Author Affiliations
Markus Herz, EADS Astrium (Germany)

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