Optical EngineeringAutomatic measurement of spur-gear dimensions using laser light. Part 1: measurement of tooth thickness and pitch
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Gears of all types and sizes are widely used in machinery and equipment. Spur gears represent the largest percentage of all gears in use, and automating their measurement has become a common goal. In this paper a new computer-assisted noncontact laser-based spur-gear measurement system is developed. The technique is based on optical obscuration and is used to measure the thickness and pitch of the test gear at a predetermined tooth height. The developed system has an inaccuracy on the order of 5 µm, and the time required to measure a whole gear is 1 min. The system can measure gears with different modules and numbers of teeth. The measured dimensions were compared with those obtained with a well-established technique and are in good agreement.