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Optical Engineering

Direct-write embedded waveguides and integrated optics in bulk glass by femtosecond laser pulses
Author(s): Pin Yang; Junpeng Guo; George Robert Burns; Ting-Shan Luk
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Paper Abstract

Embedded waveguides and integrated optical devices are fabricated from a computer-aided design file by scanning the focus spot in amorphous silica, using femtosecond laser pulses (800 nm, <125 fs, at 1 kHz). The effect of laser processing conditions on the optical properties of direct-written waveguides and an unusual laser-induced birefringence in an optically isotropic glass are reported. Several integrated optical devices, including Y coupler, directional coupler, and Mach-Zehnder interferometer, are made to demonstrate the simplicity and flexibility of this technique in comparison to the conventional waveguide fabrication processes.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 May 2005
PDF: 6 pages
Opt. Eng. 44(5) 051104 doi: 10.1117/1.1915447
Published in: Optical Engineering Volume 44, Issue 5
Show Author Affiliations
Pin Yang, Sandia National Labs. (United States)
Junpeng Guo, Sandia National Labs. (United States)
George Robert Burns, Sandia National Labs. (United States)
Ting-Shan Luk, Sandia National Labs. (United States)


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