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Optical Engineering

Clean monochromatic x-ray irradiation from weakly ionized linear copper plasma
Author(s): Eiichi Sato; Etsuro Tanaka; Hidezo Mori; Toshiaki Kawai; Shigehiro Sato; Kazuyoshi Takayama
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Paper Abstract

In the plasma flash x-ray generator, a 200-nF condenser is charged up to 50 kV by a power supply, and flash x-rays are produced by the discharging. The x-ray tube is a demountable triode with a trigger electrode, and the turbomolecular pump evacuates air from the tube with a pressure of approximately 1 mPa. Target evaporation leads to the formation of weakly ionized linear plasma, consisting of copper ions and electrons, around the fine target, and intense Kα rays are produced using a 10-µm-thick nickel filter. At a charging voltage of 50 kV, the maximum tube voltage is almost equal to the charging voltage of the main condenser, and the peak current is about 15 kA. When the charging voltage is increased, the linear plasma forms, and the copper Kα intensities substantially increase. The Kα lines are quite clean and intense, and hardly any bremsstrahlung rays are detected at all. The x-ray pulse widths are approximately 700 ns, and the time-integrated x-ray intensity has a value of approximately 20 µC/kg at 1.0 m from the x-ray source with a charging voltage of 50 kV.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 April 2005
PDF: 6 pages
Opt. Eng. 44(4) 049002 doi: 10.1117/1.1882373
Published in: Optical Engineering Volume 44, Issue 4
Show Author Affiliations
Eiichi Sato, Iwate Medical Univ. (Japan)
Etsuro Tanaka, Tokyo Univ. of Agriculture and Technology (Japan)
Hidezo Mori, National Cardiovascular Ctr. Research Institute (Japan)
Toshiaki Kawai, Hamamatsu Photonics K.K. (Japan)
Shigehiro Sato, Iwate Medical Univ. (Japan)
Kazuyoshi Takayama, Tohoku Univ. (Japan)

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