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Optical Engineering

High-speed enhanced K-edge angiography utilizing cerium plasma x-ray generator
Author(s): Eiichi Sato; Etsuro Tanaka; Hidezo Mori; Toshiaki Kawai; Shigehiro Sato; Kazuyoshi Takayama
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Paper Abstract

The cerium target plasma flash x-ray generator is useful to perform high-speed enhanced K-edge angiography using cone beams, because K-series characteristic x-rays from the cerium target are absorbed effectively by iodine-based contrast mediums. In the plasma generator, a 200-nF condenser is charged up to 60 kV by a power supply, and flash x-rays are produced by the discharging. The x-ray tube is a demountable triode with a trigger electrode, and the turbomolecular pump evacuates air from the tube with a pressure of approximately 1 mPa. Target evaporation leads to the formation of weakly ionized linear plasma, consisting of cerium ions and electrons, around the target, and intense flash x-rays are produced. At a charging voltage of 55 kV, the maximum tube voltage is almost equal to the charging voltage of the main condenser, and the maximum current is approximately 20 kA. When the charging voltage is increased, weakly ionized cerium plasma forms, and the K-series characteristic x-ray intensities increase. The x-ray pulse widths are about 500 ns, and the time-integrated x-ray intensity has a value of about 40 µC/kg at 1.0 m from the x-ray source with a charging voltage of 55 kV. In the angiography, we employ a filmless computed radiography (CR) system and iodine-based microspheres.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 April 2005
PDF: 6 pages
Opt. Eng. 44(4) 049001 doi: 10.1117/1.1882372
Published in: Optical Engineering Volume 44, Issue 4
Show Author Affiliations
Eiichi Sato, Iwate Medical Univ. (Japan)
Etsuro Tanaka, Tokyo Univ. of Agriculture and Technology (Japan)
Hidezo Mori, National Cardiovascular Ctr. Research Institute (Japan)
Toshiaki Kawai, Hamamatsu Photonics K.K. (Japan)
Shigehiro Sato, Iwate Medical Univ. (Japan)
Kazuyoshi Takayama, Tohoku Univ. (Japan)

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