Optical EngineeringParallel micro-optics for interconnections based on vertical cavity surface emitting laser arrays and their jisso technologies
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Low-cost vertical cavity surface emitting lasers (VCSELs) may allow the development of optical interconnections and broadband optical networks. Designs suitable for micro-optics and "jisso" (a Japanese term that includes alignment, assembly, mounting, and packaging) technologies are required for low-cost and small interconnection modules. Optical interconnections based on VCSEL arrays, including both space and wavelength division multiplexing technologies, are described.