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Journal of Biomedical Optics

Optimization of selective hyperthermia
Author(s): Christopher A. Bailey; Thomas M. Cowan; Vinson G. Liu; Evan C. Lemley; Wei R. Chen
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Paper Abstract

Selective hyperthermia can be a feasible treatment modality for deep tissue abnormalities. It is accomplished by using a laser or ultrasound noninvasively to transfer energy to a desired target causing tissue damage. This process has two potential benefits to medical professionals: simplicity of procedure and safety to patient. However, optimizing these selective interactions is difficult due to the number of variables. We propose an optimization coefficient relating the dynamic and geometric parameters of selective hyperthermia, and proceed to measure it in an experimental setup consisting of a near-infrared laser and laser-absorbing dye. To simulate tissue, gelatin phantoms are created using a combination of water, intralipid, and gelatin. Our experiments use a 1.00-cm-diam spherical phantom that is homogeneously enhanced with an indocyanine green (ICG) solution and placed inside a nontarget phantom and irradiated by an 805-nm diode laser. Temperature measurements taken at different locations are analyzed so optimization coefficients can be calculated for different parameters. This optimization coefficient compares the difference in temperatures from inside and outside the target. Analysis of the values after thermal equilibrium provides information about the best parameter selection. Our findings indicate that the optimal ICG concentration and power combination for our tested parameters are 0.083% and 0.97 W, respectively. Based on our analysis, optimization can be obtained by using this coefficient to compare the selectivity of several parameter combinations.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 May 2004
PDF: 7 pages
J. Biomed. Opt. 9(3) doi: 10.1117/1.1689977
Published in: Journal of Biomedical Optics Volume 9, Issue 3
Show Author Affiliations
Christopher A. Bailey, Univ. of Central Oklahoma (United States)
Thomas M. Cowan, Univ. of Central Oklahoma (United States)
Vinson G. Liu, Univ. of Central Oklahoma (United States)
Evan C. Lemley, Univ. of Central Oklahoma (United States)
Wei R. Chen, Univ. of Central Oklahoma (United States)


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