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Optical Engineering

Liquid diffusion coefficients by digital moiré
Author(s): Giuseppe Schirripa Spagnolo; Dario Ambrosini; Domenica Paoletti
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Paper Abstract

In studying hydrodynamic instabilities between two miscible fluid mixtures, one often faces the problem of assigning a reliable value to very small diffusion coefficients. It is also difficult that for diffusion between two binary mixtures, such as water and glycerin, water and salt, etc., no complete data are available in the literature. To measure the isothermal diffusivity of liquid binary mixtures, we propose an improved version of digital projection moiré. The system uses a simple and flexible fringe generator realized with a diffractive optical element (DOE). The fringe patterns are projected onto the bottom of a ground glass plate. The phase object (diffusion cell) is placed in front of the ground glass (in other words, in front of the fringe pattern), which is imaged by a digital video camera. Grating patterns, during the evolution of diffusion phenomena, are captured by a charge-coupled device (CCD) camera and stored in a computer at different times. With the aid of fast Fourier transform (FFT) and signal demodulating techniques, the images are processed to obtain the diffusion coefficients. The theoretical basis of the technique is presented. We also report experiments conducted for validating the system.

Paper Details

PDF: 8 pages
Opt. Eng. 43(4) doi: 10.1117/1.1666856
Published in: Optical Engineering Volume 43, Issue 4, April 2004
Show Author Affiliations
Giuseppe Schirripa Spagnolo, Univ. degli Studi di Roma Tre (Italy)
Dario Ambrosini, Univ. degli Studi di L'Aquila (Italy)
Domenica Paoletti, Univ. degli Studi di L'Aquila (Italy)

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