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Optical Engineering

Comparison of Landsat-7 Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM+) and Earth Observing One (EO-1) Advanced Land Imager
Author(s): Jeffrey A. Pedelty; Jeffrey T. Morisette; James T. Smith
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Paper Abstract

We compare images from the Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM+) sensor on Landsat-7 and the Advanced Land Imager (ALI) instrument on Earth Observing One (EO-1) over a test site in Rochester, New York. The site contains a variety of features, ranging from water of varying depths, deciduous/coniferous forest, grass fields, to urban areas. Nearly coincident cloud-free images were collected one minute apart on 25 August 2001. We also compare images of a forest site near Howland, Maine, that were collected on 7 September 2001. We atmospherically corrected each pair of images with the Second Simulation of the Satellite Signal in the Solar Spectrum (6S) atmosphere model, using aerosol optical thickness and water vapor column density measured by in situ Cimel sun photometers within the Aerosol Robotic Network (AERONET), along with ozone density derived from the Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS) on the Earth Probe satellite. We present true-color composites from each instrument that show excellent qualitative agreement between the multispectral sensors, along with gray-scale images that demonstrate a significantly improved ALI panchromatic band. We quantitatively compare ALI and ETM+ reflectance spectra of a grassy field in Rochester and find ≤6% differences in the visible/near infrared and ~2% differences in the short-wave infrared. Spectral comparisons of forest sites in Rochester and Howland yield similar percentage agreement except for band 1, which has very low reflectance. Principal component analyses and comparison of normalized difference vegetation index histograms for each sensor indicate that the ALI is able to reproduce the information content in the ETM+ but with superior signal-to-noise performance due to its increased 12-bit quantization.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 April 2004
PDF: 9 pages
Opt. Eng. 43(4) doi: 10.1117/1.1651556
Published in: Optical Engineering Volume 43, Issue 4
Show Author Affiliations
Jeffrey A. Pedelty, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
Jeffrey T. Morisette, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
James T. Smith, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)

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