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Journal of Biomedical Optics

Self-mixing in a diode laser as a method for cardiovascular diagnostics
Author(s): Kalju Meigas; Hiie Hinrikus; Rain Kattai; Jaanus Lass
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Paper Abstract

Our aim is the development of a simple optical method for pulse wave profile, pulse wave delay time, and blood flow measurement. The method is based on recording the Doppler frequency shift related to a moving target-—blood vessel walls or small particles. The Doppler signal is detected using the self-mixing that occurs in the diode laser cavity when radiation scatters back from the moving target into the laser and interferes with the field inside. Two different ways can be simultaneously used for the self-mixing signal extraction: a photodiode accommodated in the rear facet of the diode laser package and a resistor from the laser pump current. An experimental device with a pigtail laser diode is developed that is able to detect the pulsation of major arteries with potentially useful information, including the pulse wave profile and the pulse wave delay time. The pulse wave delay time in different regions of the human body is measured relative to the electrocardiogram (ECG) signal. Also the flow velocity of a liquid suspension containing particles the size of erythrocytes (equivalent to blood flow) is measured. Registered signals are stored after digitalization and preprocessed using LabView for a Windows environment. The described device has the application of the self-mixing method and highlights significant advantages of simplicity, compactness, and robustness as well as the self-aligning and self-detecting abilities of such method, compared with the use of conventional interferometric method.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 January 2003
PDF: 9 pages
J. Biomed. Opt. 8(1) doi: 10.1117/1.1528949
Published in: Journal of Biomedical Optics Volume 8, Issue 1
Show Author Affiliations
Kalju Meigas, Tallinn Technical Univ. (Estonia)
Hiie Hinrikus, Tallinn Technical Univ. (Estonia)
Rain Kattai, Tallinn Technical Univ. (Estonia)
Jaanus Lass, Tallinn Technical Univ. (Estonia)

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