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Journal of Biomedical Optics

Comparison of fluorescence of sodium fluorescein in retinal angiography with measurements in vitro
Author(s): J. Ossewaarde-Van Norel; P. R. van den Biesen; J. van de Kraats; T T.J.M. Berendschot; D. van Norren
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Paper Abstract

To quantify dye leakage in ocular fluorescein angiography, the arterial concentration of sodium fluorescein has to be determined. We investigated whether the nonlinear relationship between the fluorescein concentration and the fluorescence intensity obtained by in vitro measurements corresponds with that measured in vivo in a retinal artery. The time series of fluorescence in a retinal artery were recorded using an in-house-designed and -built confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscope in 11 healthy volunteers. Three different doses of sodium fluorescein were injected successively. About 10 min after the last injection a venous blood sample was drawn. The three in vivo peak intensities were fitted by least squares on the in vitro calibration curve using the first peak concentration and an intensity scaling factor as the two unknown parameters. The fit showed that the saturation of the three in vivo peak intensities corresponded well with the in vitro data. Calculation of the intensity scaling factor from the blood sampling data confirmed the result of the fit. The fitted concentration was verified by showing that the cardiac output necessary to obtain this concentration was within the physiological range. The fluorescence measured in our in vitro experimental setup corresponded well with the in vivo measurements. Therefore, the results from in vitro measurements can be applied in the analysis of fluorescein angiograms.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 April 2002
PDF: 9 pages
J. Biomed. Opt. 7(2) doi: 10.1117/1.1462034
Published in: Journal of Biomedical Optics Volume 7, Issue 2
Show Author Affiliations
J. Ossewaarde-Van Norel, Univ. Medical Ctr. Utrecht (Netherlands)
P. R. van den Biesen, Univ. Medical Ctr. Utrecht (Netherlands)
J. van de Kraats, Univ. Medical Ctr. Utrecht (Netherlands)
T T.J.M. Berendschot, Univ. Medical Ctr. Utrecht (Netherlands)
D. van Norren, Univ. Medical Ctr. Utrecht and TNO Human Factors (Netherlands)


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