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Journal of Electronic Imaging

Spatial watermark for image content authentication
Author(s): Maria Paula Queluz
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Paper Abstract

This paper is focused on digital image authentication, considered as the process of evaluating the integrity of image contents relatively to the original picture and being able to detect, in an automatic way, malevolent content modifications. A computationally efficient spatial watermarking technique for authentication of visual information, robust to small distortions caused by compression, is described. In essence, content-dependent authentication data are embedded into the picture, by modifying the relationship of image projections throughout the entire image. To obtain a secure data embedding and extraction procedure, directions onto which image parts are projected depend on a secret key. In order to guarantee minimum visibility of the embedded data, the insertion process is used in conjunction with perceptual models, exploiting spatial domain masking effects. The viability of the method as a means of protecting the content is assessed under JPEG compression and semantic content modifications. With the present system, robustness to JPEG compression up to compression factors of about 1:10 can be achieved, maintaining the subjective image quality after watermark insertion. At the same time, it is possible to detect and localize small image manipulations.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 April 2002
PDF: 11 pages
J. Electron. Imag. 11(2) doi: 10.1117/1.1455015
Published in: Journal of Electronic Imaging Volume 11, Issue 2
Show Author Affiliations
Maria Paula Queluz, Instituto de Telecomunicacoes (Portugal)

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