The Moscone Center
San Francisco, California, United States
27 January - 1 February 2018
Course (SC1175)
Optics in the Hospital--Endoscope Specification and Design
Tuesday 30 January 2018
8:30 AM - 12:30 PM

Member Price $415.00
Non-Member Price $470.00
Student Member Price $263.00
  • Course Level:
  • Intermediate
  • CEU:
  • 0.4
Minimally invasive and robotic surgery rely on endoscopes to provide the "eyes" of the surgeon. Endoscopes are perhaps the most complex of commercial optical systems and may contain 30 or more optical components. The design of these medical devices must be robust enough to withstand the rigors of thousands of cycles of pressurized steam sterilization, yet address the requirements needed for incredibly delicate clinical procedures. This course teaches how to approach the use of miniature optics in your medical device design. We examine the optics from the physicians' perspective; e.g. how the endoscope optics for abdominal surgery are different than those for knee surgery. Optical specifications are covered in detail, including ISO testing requirements and FDA requirements. The course finishes with the critical area of design for manufacturing.
Learning Outcomes
  • identify the types of medical procedures for which endoscopes can be deployed.
  • classify the types of endoscope optics that are used in the body.
  • explain the key specifications that define an endoscope design.
  • describe the ISO specifications and FDA regulations pertinent to each endoscope design.
  • identify at least three types of rigid endoscopes and two types of flexible endoscopes.
  • identify elements of a substandard endoscope design and explain what needs to be improved.
  • engineer the optics of a simple endoscope given the required clinical parameters.
The course is intended for optical engineers and engineering managers who are beginning or continuing work with medical endoscopes or industrial borescopes. Familiarity with geometrical optics, and a minimum of a BS in Optics or equivalent work experience is assumed.
About the
Dennis C. Leiner is the president of Leiner Optics, an engineering company that assists startups and Fortune 500 companies who are incorporating visualization into their medical devices. Dr. Leiner received his B.S. and M.S. degrees in Optics from the University of Rochester and his Ph.D. from the University of Connecticut. He taught optics at the University of Massachusetts in Lowell until 1985 when he started Lighthouse Imaging Corporation, a leader in endoscope optics design and manufacture. He holds multiple patents in endoscope design using gradient-index optics, infrared optics, fiberoptics, and injection-molded optics. He is a Chairperson Elect of the Optics and Electro Optics Standards Council (OEOSC) and is Group Leader for Existing Endoscope Standards at ANSI.
COURSE PRICE INCLUDES the e-book Digital Endoscope Design (SPIE Press, 2016) by Dennis C. Leiner.
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