San Diego Convention Center
San Diego, California, United States
6 - 10 August 2017
San Diego, California, United States
6 - 10 August 2017
Technology Hot Topics: How Optics and Photonics Drive Innovation
Date: Sunday 6 August 20176:00 to 6:10 PM: Welcome and Opening Remarks
Time: 6:00 PM - 7:50 PM
Time: 6:00 PM - 7:50 PM
6:10 to 6:30 PM: Quantum Devices
Cesare Soci, Nanyang Technological Univ. (Singapore)
6:30 to 6:50 PM: Wearables/Implantables: Graphene Electronic Tattoo Sensors
Nanshu Lu, Univ. of Texas at Austin (United States)
6:50 to 7:10 PM: AR/VR
Scott McEldowney, Oculus (United States)
7:10 to 7:30 PM: Solar Fuels
Tanja Cuk, Univ. of California, Berkeley (United States)
7:30 to 7:50 PM: Autonomous Vehicles
James G. Watzin, Director of NASA's Mars Exploration Program (United States)
Nanoscience + Engineering Plenary Session
Date: Monday 7 August 2017Session Chairs: Harry A. Atwater, California Institute of Technology (United States) and Nikolay I. Zheludev, Optoelectronics Research Ctr. (United Kingdom)
Time: 9:15 AM - 12:00 PM
Time: 9:15 AM - 12:00 PM
9:15 to 10:00 AM: 3D Laser Nanolithography
Martin Wegener, Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (Germany)
Three-dimensional (3D) laser lithography has become a versatile, reliable, and widespread workhorse for fabricating 3D micro- and nanostructures. I will illustrate the current state-of-the-art by selected examples, including free-form micro-optics, 3D optical and other metamaterials, as well as functionalized 3D scaffolds for biological cell culture. I will speculate about near-term industrial applications and outline remaining technological challenges regarding spatial resolution, scalability, and multi-material 3D nano-printing.
Martin Wegener is a Professor at the Institute of Applied Physics of Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) and Director and Research Unit Chair at Institute of Nanotechnology of KIT. His group currently works on 3D laser lithography, 3D metamaterials, and 3D scaffolds for cell culture. In 2014-2016, Thomson Reuters listed him as a “Highly Cited Researcher”.
Coffee Break 10:00 to 10:30 AM
10:30 to 11:15 AM: Controlling Light at the Atomic Scale
F. Javier García de Abajo, ICFO - Institut de Ciències Fotòniques (Spain)
Atomically thin materials such as graphene and molecular aromatic hydrocarbon exhibit unique optical properties that allow us to control the flow of light down to the atomic scale. These materials can sustain collective electron resonances -plasmons- involving a relatively small number of electrons, therefore enabling unprecedented electrical, magnetic, optical, and thermal control of those properties. In this talk, I will review recent progress in this field and present illustrative examples of nonlinear, quantum, and ultrafast phenomena in these materials, along with applications to optical sensing, optoelectronics, and quantum optics.
Javier García de Abajo received his PhD from the University of the Basque Country in 1993, moved to Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory during 1997-2000, and became a Research Professor at the Spanish Scientific Research Council (CSIC) in 2008. He is an ICREA Research Professor at ICFO (Barcelona) since 2013.
11:15 am to 12:00 PM: Science, Engineering, and Commercialization of Flexible, Printable 2D Atomic Materials and Devices
Deji Akinwande, The Univ. of Texas at Austin (United States)
This talk will focus on the scientific progress, engineering achievements, and commercialization of flexible/printable atomically thin materials (graphene, TMDs, phosphorus, Xenes, etc.) and devices. A variety of advancements have been made in electronic, photonic, and passive devices over the past decade including the demonstration of 100GHz flexible transistors, discovery of novel switching properties, development of electronic tattoos, and understanding of interlayer coupling via high-pressure physics. In addition, nanomanufacturing advancements have enabled large-area materials which for the case of graphene has resulted in several commercial products. The talk will conclude with a perspective for the next decade of research.
Dr. Deji Akinwande is an Endowed Faculty Fellow and Associate Professor at the University of Texas at Austin. He received the PhD degree from Stanford University in 2009. Prof. Akinwande has been honored with the 2016 Presidential PECASE award, the inaugural Gordon Moore Inventor Fellow award, the inaugural IEEE Nano Geim and Novoselov Graphene Prize, the IEEE “Early Career Award” in Nanotechnology, the NSF CAREER award, several DoD Young Investigator awards, and was a past recipient of fellowships from the Kilby/TI, Ford Foundation, Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, 3M, and Stanford DARE Initiative. His work on silicene has been featured by Nature News, Time magazine and was selected among the top 2015 science stories by Discover magazine. He serves as an Editor for the IEEE Electron Device Letters and Nature NPJ 2D Materials and Applications.
Optics + Photonics for Sustainable Energy Plenary Session
Date: Monday 7 August 2017Session Chair: Oleg V. Sulima, GE Global Research (United States)
Time: 2:00 PM - 3:30 PM
Time: 2:00 PM - 3:30 PM
2:00 to 2:30 PM: A Brief History of Photovoltaics: Yesterday, Today, and Tomorrow
Charles Gay, U.S. Dept. of Energy (United States)
What can happen over the next 15 years, as photovoltaic (PV) power costs continue to decrease and markets expand? This talk will cover the range of opportunities associated with changes in energy supply in developed and developing economies. We will review the history of solar and discuss the key role of professionals in communicating a vision for the future. Our efforts to inform and educate a wide range of stakeholders will be essential to seeing the potential for wide adoption of PV become a reality. This talk will endeavor to convey some of the stories essential to enabling our outreach.
Dr. Charlie Gay is the Solar Energy Technologies Office Director for the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). Dr. Gay is an internationally recognized pioneer in photovoltaics. He earned a Ph.D. from the University of California, Riverside and was elected a member of the U.S. National Academy of Engineering in 2013.
2:30 to 3:00 PM: Photovoltaics Moving into the Terawatt Age
Eicke R. Weber, Berkeley Education Alliance for Research in Singapore BEARS (Singapore) and Univ. of California, Berkeley (United States)
In the last few years, PV electricity became cost-competitive with electricity produced by conventional sources. Global PV production capacity will double within the next five years to 100-120 GWp/a, bringing PV installations into the Terawatt range. A key factor for this growth will be continuous technology advances aimed at higher efficiencies at reduced cost. In addition, cell efficiency will be even more important than lowest cost, to optimize energy harvest from a given area. Crystalline Silicon technology currently represents 90% of the global PV market. This technology is approaching a ceiling of 29% efficiency for a single-bandgap semiconductor. New approaches for higher efficiencies require heterojunctions, and several approaches will be discussed. These include heterojunctions on silicon, allowing to combine well-established large-scale Silicon PV technology with new technologies, such as low-cost III/V or Perovskite layers.
Professor Eicke R. Weber is Director/CEO of the Berkeley Education Alliance for Research in Singapore (BEARS). Before, he has been Director of the Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems ISE in Freiburg, Germany. From 1983-2006 he served on the faculty of the Department of Materials Science and Engineering of the University of California, Berkeley. He obtained his doctorate in Physics from the University of Cologne, Germany.
3:00 to 3:30 PM: Bankability of Novel Energy Technologies
Ralph Romero, Black & Veatch (United States)
New technologies are helping energy system owners improve performance and service to their customers while creating a sustainable energy future. But many of these new tools and processes are unproven and costly, which may hinder their large scale deployment. This talk will address the topic of new technology bankability and how owners, technology providers and financial institutions assess their risk exposure before embarking on significant projects. The talk will focus on the lessons learned from the rapid growth of the photovoltaic industry and discuss areas where technology risk should be further reduced.
Dr. Ralph Romero is a solar PV specialist with over 25 years’ experience in the design and manufacturing of solar photovoltaics. He is a recognized expert in the commercial development of crystalline and thin‐film photovoltaic technology. Dr. Romero leads the independent assessment of novel technologies practice at Black & Veatch Management Consulting. He advises domestic and international manufacturers, developers and financial institutions in the areas of technology, manufacturing, product and process design, among others.
Organic Photonics + Electronics Plenary Session
Date: Tuesday 8 August 2017Session Chair: Zakya H. Kafafi, Lehigh Univ. (United States)
Time: 9:00 AM - 11:45 AM
Time: 9:00 AM - 11:45 AM
9:00 to 9:30 AM: Hybrid Electro-Optics and Chipscale Integration of Electronics and Photonics
Larry R. Dalton, Univ. of Washington (United States)
Theory-guided nano-engineering of organic electro-optic materials and hybrid device architectures has permitted the dramatic improvement of the performance of electro-optic devices. For example, the voltage-length product has been improved by nearly a factor of 104, bandwidths have been extended to nearly 200 GHz, device footprints reduced to less than 200 µm2, and femtojoule energy efficiency achieved. This presentation discusses the utilization of new coarse-grained theoretical methods together with advanced quantum mechanical methods to quantitatively simulate the physical properties of new classes of organic electro-optic materials and to evaluate their performance in nanoscopic device architectures, including the effect of material interfaces.
Larry Dalton is the George B. Kauffman Term Professor and B. Seymour Rabinovitch Chair Professor of Chemistry (Emeritus) at the University of Washington. He was the founding Director of the NSF Science & Technology Center on Materials & Devices for Information Technology Research. He is a Fellow of SPIE, ACS, MRS, OSA, and AAAS.
9:30 to 10:00 AM: Molecular Plasmons
Naomi J. Halas, Rice Univ. (United States)
While graphene plasmonics has been well-studied in the IR, shifting the plasmon resonance of graphene to the visible region of the spectrum would require extremely small graphene structures with dimensions smaller than can be fabricated by the best currently available top-down fabrication methods. This is the length scale of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) molecules, the picoscale versions of graphene. Charged PAH molecules can possess molecular plasmon resonances, where the addition of removal of one or more electrons leads to strong absorption features in the visible wavelength range. PAHs show outstanding potential as low-voltage electrochromic media for color-changing walls or windows.
Naomi Halas is the Stanley C. Moore Professor in Electrical Engineering at Rice University, and Director of the Smalley-Curl Institute. Halas is a pioneering researcher in plasmonics, creating the concept of the “tunable plasmon”. She pursues research in plasmonics and its applications in biomedicine, optoelectronics, chemical sensing, photocatalysis and sustainability.
10:00 to 10:15 AM: Announcement of the Organic Photonics + Electronics Best Student Paper Award Winner
Coffee Break 10:15 to 10:45 AM
10:45 to 11:15 AM: The History and Progress of Halide Perovskite Photovoltaics
Nam-Gyu Park, Sungkyunkwan Univ. (Korea, Republic of)
Since the first report on the solid-state perovskite solar cell with power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 9.7% in 2012 by our group, its certified PCE now reaches 22%. It is believed that perovskite solar cell is promising next-generation photovoltaics (PVs) due to superb performance and very low cost. In this talk, the history of perovskite photovoltaics will be briefly presented along with their scientific progress. Methodologies to achieve hysteresis-free, stable and high PCE perovskite solar cells will be introduced. Lewis acid-base adduct approach has been found to be very reliable and reproducible method to get high quality perovskite layer minimizing non-radiative recombination. Non-stoichiometric precursor in adduct process demonstrated grain boundary healing effect, which further improved voltage and fill factor due to long carrier life time of perovskite and improved charge transporting at grain boundary as well. Grain boundary healing process yields PCE as high as 20.4%. Moisture was effectively protected and hysteresis was significantly reduced by introducing 2-dimensioanl perovskite at grain boundary of 3-dimensional perovskite grains. Ion migration is one of factors affecting stability and hysteresis, which can be deactivated by 2-dimensional perovskite with higher barrier energy for ion migration. Thermal stability of perovskite material was found to be stable up to 120°C in the absence of moisture, but that of full device was sensitive to selective contacts, indicating that thermally stable selective contacts are equally important. Universal method to remove hysteresis will be also given in this talk.
Nam-Gyu Park is professor and SKKU-Fellow at School of Chemical Engineering, Sungkyunkwan Univ. He received his B.S., M.S. and Ph.D. from Seoul National Univ. He has been doing research on high efficiency mesoscopic solar cells including perovskite solar cell and dye-sensitized solar cell since 1997. He is pioneer in solid state perovskite solar cell, which was first developed in 2012. He received awards, including Scientist Award of the Month (MEST, Korea), KyungHyang Electricity and Energy Award (KEPCO, Korea), KIST Award of the Year (KIST, Korea) and Dupont Science and Technology Award (Dupont Korea), SKKU fellowship, and MRS Outstanding Research Award (MRS, Boston), WCPEC Paper Award (Kyoto, Japan), Hamakawa Award of PVSEC (Busan, Korea) and KAST Engineering Award (KAST, Korea). He published over 220 peer-reviewed scientific papers, including Science, Nature Materials, Nature Nanotechnology, Nature Energy and Nature Communications, 80 patent applications, 1 book editor, 7 book chapters. He received H-index of 66 as of January 2017.
11:15 to 11:45 AM: Mesoscopic Photosystems for the Generation of Electricity and Fuels from Sunlight
Michael Grätzel, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (Switzerland)
A planetary emergency has arisen from the continued depletion of fossil fuels, producing green house warming and unprecedented environmental pollution. Future energy options for renewable and carbon-free sources will need to fill the terra-watt gap that will open up during the next few decades due to the growth of the world population. A promising development is the recent emergence of a new generation of highly efficient photovoltaic converters based on molecular dyes or perovskite pigments as light harvesters. Mesoscopic photosystem that mimic the primary process of natural photosynthesis also offer the prospect of low cost fuel generation from sunlight.
Michael Grätzel is a Professor of Physical Chemistry at the EPFL, where he directs the Lab. of Photonics and Interfaces, conducting research on energy and electron transfer reactions in mesoscopic systems and their use to generate electricity and fuels from sunlight. He received a number of prestigious awards including the Global Energy Prize, Millenium Technology Grand Prize, and the Balzan Prize. He is a Fellow of several learned societies and holds ten honorary doctor’s degrees from European and Asian Universities.
Signal, Image, and Data Processing Plenary Session
Date: Tuesday 8 August 2017Session Chair: Khan M. Iftekharuddin, Old Dominion Univ. (United States)
Time: 1:30 PM - 2:30 PM
Time: 1:30 PM - 2:30 PM
1:30 to 2:30 PM: Fast Automated 3D Modeling of Building Interiors
Avideh Zakhor, Univ. of California, Berkeley (United States)
In this talk, I will present a mapping and visualization platform for 3D modeling and documentation of indoor environments. Unlike existing mobile mapping systems with wheels, our proposed hardware acquisition devices are human wearable and hence must compensate for complex human gait. Furthermore, lack of GPS in indoor environments precludes us from applying existing outdoor mapping techniques indoors. We propose two distinct hardware systems to accomplish this task. The first one is an ambulatory backpack system equipped with a suite of sensors worn by an operator walking at normal speeds in and out of rooms inside a building in a continuous walk through. The second one is a handheld system carried by a human operator as s/he waives it at walls while walking inside the building. Both systems share a common software pipeline that results in 3D point clouds, texture mapped surface reconstructed 3D models, 3D architectural models and floor plans, and web based virtual navigation with tagging, annotation, and dimension measurement capability. We also describe a visual analytic platform that can be used to automatically recognize energy relevant assets such as windows, lights, and computers. The same walkthrough that generates 3D model can also be used to collect building sensor fingerprints which can later be used in a mobile app to locate building occupants, for example by first responders in emergency situations. I will describe some of the challenges in design and implementation of this platform and outline a number of open technical problems.
Avideh Zakhor is currently Qualcomm Chair and professor in EECS at U.C. Berkeley. Her areas of interest include theories and applications of signal, image, and video processing and 3D computer vision. She has won a number of best paper awards, including the IEEE Signal Processing Society in 1997 and 2009, IEEE Circuits and Systems Society in 1997 and 1999, IEEE Solid Circuits Society in 2008, IEEE international conference on image processing in 1999, Packet Video Workshop in 2002, and IEEE Workshop on Multimodal Sentient Computing in 2007. Prof. Zakhor received the B. S. degree from Caltech and the S. M. and Ph. D. degrees from MIT all in electrical engineering, in 1983, 1985, and 1987 respectively. She was a General Motors scholar from 1982 to 1983, was a Hertz fellow from 1984 to 1988, received the Presidential Young Investigators (PYI) award, and Office of Naval Research (ONR) young investigator award in 1992. In 2001, she was elected as IEEE fellow and received the Okawa Prize in 2004.
Optical Engineering Plenary Session
Date: Tuesday 8 August 2017Session Chair: Julie L. Bentley, Univ. of Rochester (United States)
Time: 4:00 PM - 5:30 PM
Time: 4:00 PM - 5:30 PM
4:00 to 4:05 PM: Welcome and Opening Remarks
4:05 to 4:45 PM: Designing for One to One-Million: How Production Quantities Influence Design
Leo B. Baldwin, Amazon.com, Inc. (United States)
One of the most significant factors in product design is the production quantity. Along with unit price, it determines what is possible and what is prudent in allocating resources to the engineering, to the tooling, and to the material costs. From the extreme of producing one or two units to the other extreme of producing over a million units, these trade-offs are discussed in the context of optical and photonic systems. These trade-offs are illustrated using examples of products produced for the capital equipment and consumer electronics markets covering the gamut of production quantities with particular attention given to optical components.
Leo Baldwin studied physics at Waterloo and modern optics at Rochester. He has spent his 37 year career designing products. Early products included missile guidance systems, reactor cores and submarines. Leo soon gravitated to photonics, designing high speed cameras, scopes, and a helicopter landing system. Moving from government systems to commercial systems, and moving from Canada to the US, Leo began designing inspection and guidance systems, first for containers and then for electronic and semiconductor capital equipment. This lead to designing laser micro-machining systems and designing nanostructures. Leo moved to consumer electronics, designing a custom pixel, a custom sensor, and custom lenses for cell phones and tablets. Leo is currently designing the vision based infrastructure for a new kind of smart store where you Just Walk Out - no check-out lines! Leo's original design work has resulted in 58 US patents.
4:50 to 5:30 PM: The Large Synoptic Survey Telescope
Steven M. Kahn, Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (United States) and SLAC National Accelerator Lab. (United States)
The Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST) is a large aperture, wide-field, ground-based telescope designed to provide a time domain survey of the entire southern hemisphere in six optical bands. Over the ten-year duration of the survey, LSST will obtain ~800-1,000 images of every part of the southern sky, yielding a catalog of stars, galaxies, and moving small bodies in the solar system with nearly 40 billion objects. A diverse array of scientific investigations can be performed with a common database addressing topics ranging from the detection of potentially hazardous asteroids to the structure and evolution of the Universe as a whole. LSST incorporates an 8-m class primary mirror with a 3.2 billion pixel camera. I will discuss the design of this facility and our technical progress with construction and fabrication of the key components.
Steven M. Kahn is the Cassius Lamb Kirk Professor in the Natural Sciences in the Physics Department at Stanford University, and a Professor of Particle Physics and Astrophysics at SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory. Prior to moving to his present position at Stanford in 2003, Kahn held faculty appointments at Columbia and Berkeley. He is an experimental astrophysicist who has led major programs in X-ray astronomy and experimental cosmology. He is currently the Director of the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope Project. Kahn is a Fellow of the American Physical Society, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.
Remote Sensing Plenary
Date: Wednesday 9 August 2017Session Chair: Allen H.-L. Huang, Univ. of Wisconsin-Madison (United States)
Time: 10:30 AM - 11:20 AM
Time: 10:30 AM - 11:20 AM
10:30 to 11:20 AM: Demonstrating Technologies for Hyperspectral Infrared Remote Sensing from Space on a CubeSat
Thomas S. Pagano, Jet Propulsion Lab. (United States)
CubeSats offer a low cost platform for remote sensing and in-situ measurements in space. Not only is the cost of the spacecraft low, but also the cost of the launch since typically CubeSats are secondary payloads to the primary satellite being launched. Despite the low available volume, mass and power and a typically less than ideal orbit, the platform can be ideal for demonstrating technology and even achieving certain science quality measurements. In this talk we discuss the CubeSat Infrared Atmospheric Sounder (CIRAS) a new project at NASA JPL designed to demonstrate key technologies for hyperspectral infrared measurements of atmospheric temperature and water vapor from space.
Mr. Thomas S. Pagano is the Project Manager for the AIRS/AMSU/HSB Suite of instruments on the EOS Aqua Spacecraft and the Principal Investigator of the CubeSat Infrared Atmospheric Sounder (CIRAS). He was the lead engineer responsible for the calibration of the AIRS instrument in orbit and the Chief Systems Engineer on the MODIS instrument. He holds 2 US patents and is author of numerous papers on space remote sensing systems.